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Recent Improvements to BLS Occupational Safety and Health Statistics

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics has reported on workplace safety for much of its 134-year history. Current data have their origins in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and program revisions made in the early 1990s. In the past year, BLS has revamped the way it releases workplace safety information, streamlining the approach to reduce confusion and make information available sooner.

Each year BLS publishes information on fatal work injuries from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries and nonfatal work injuries and illnesses from the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. BLS recently modernized the data release for both programs.

Before 2016, BLS released two sets of fatal injury data—preliminary and final. Preliminary data were typically available in August or September following the reference year; final data were available as many as 8 months later. This two-step release made it difficult to understand changes from year to year. Widespread publicity surrounded the preliminary release. Some users compared newly released preliminary information with the previous year’s final information. The release cautioned readers not to compare final and preliminary figures, but that was what readers wanted to do. By the final release, the publicity surrounding the data largely had faded.

Our review of the fatal injury program revealed that much of the updated information was available within a few months of the preliminary release. We decided to eliminate the preliminary data release and instead provide a single, final set of data each year in December. While this delayed the information for a few months, it lessened confusion and made final data available many months earlier than in the past. We released fatal work injury information for 2015 in December 2016 and 2016 information in December 2017.

A chart showing fatal work injuries in the United States from 2003 to 2016.

Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

Before 2017, BLS released two sets of nonfatal data from the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. We first released summary information highlighting the number and rate of nonfatal injuries by industry. We later released detailed data about a subset of workplace injuries that resulted in days away from work. Summary information has been available from the survey since the early 1970s. When BLS added the detailed data in the early 1990s, we released them separately from the summary information because we could not complete the estimation until several months after the summary data came out.

In recent years, we have been able to complete the detailed case estimates within a few weeks of the summary information. The closeness of the two releases often confused people about which data were available when. Further, the two sets of information complement each other. As you learn about the number or rate of injuries by industry, you are naturally curious about the details. Which occupations? What was the nature of the injury or event that resulted in the injury? How long is the injured employee away from work?

Beginning with 2016 data, we combined all information on nonfatal injuries and illnesses into a single release published on November 9, 2017. From the information available that day, you learn there were roughly a half-million recorded injuries and illnesses in the manufacturing industry. About one in four of them resulted in days away from work. Further, about 35,000 days-away-from-work cases in manufacturing resulted in sprains, strains, or tears, and 15,000 resulted in cuts or lacerations. The median number of days an injured manufacturing worker spent away from work was 9 days.

By combining information in this way, BLS and data users can develop stories about the circumstances surrounding worker injuries and identify opportunities for prevention.

A chart showing the number and rate of nonfatal work injuries and illnesses by industry in 2016.

Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

To learn more, see our Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities homepage.

Number of fatal work injuries by employee status, 2003–16
Year Wage and salary Self-employed             Total
2003 4,405 1,170 5,575
2004 4,587 1,177 5,764
2005 4,592 1,142 5,734
2006 4,808 1,032 5,840
2007 4,613 1,044 5,657
2008 4,183 1,031 5,214
2009 3,488 1,063 4,551
2010 3,651 1,039 4,690
2011 3,642 1,051 4,693
2012 3,571 1,057 4,628
2013 3,635 950 4,585
2014 3,728 1,093 4,821
2015 3,751 1,085 4,836
2016 4,098 1,092 5,190
Incidence rates and numbers of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses by private industry sector, 2016
Private industry sector Incidence rate Number of cases
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 6.1 58,300
Transportation and warehousing 4.6 210,200
Arts, entertainment, and recreation 4.4 58,600
Health care and social assistance 4.2 585,800
Manufacturing 3.6 449,800
Accommodation and food services 3.3 279,900
Retail trade 3.3 395,900
Construction 3.2 203,500
Wholesale trade 2.8 157,100
Real estate and rental and leasing 2.7 51,100
Administrative and waste services 2.3 119,500
Other services (except public administration) 2.3 73,300
Utilities 2.1 11,500
Educational services 2.0 37,500
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1.5 10,100
Information 1.3 32,500
Management of companies and enterprises 0.9 20,300
Professional and technical services 0.9 71,600
Finance and insurance 0.6 30,800
Note: The incidence rate is the number of injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time equivalent workers.

Workplace Fatalities of Older U.S. Workers, Including Baby Boomers, Reach Historic High

We have a guest blogger for this edition of Commissioner’s Corner. Caleb Hopler is an economist in the Office of Safety, Health, and Working Conditions at the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

“Baby Boomer” is a term for Americans born between 1946 and 1964. Most Baby Boomers are now age 55 and older. Workplace safety for these older workers is reflected in counts and rates of fatal occupational injuries.

Workers aged 55 and older had the highest rate of fatal work injuries among all age groups in 2016, according to the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. The rate for workers age 65 and older—9.6 fatalities per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers—was notably higher than the rate for all workers (3.6).

Rate of fatal work injuries per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers by age, 2016

Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

Workers age 55 and older accounted for 36 percent of all fatally injured workers in 2016, although workers in this age group comprised just 23 percent of all workers in 2016. The 1,848 deaths among workers age 55 and older in 2016 is the highest ever recorded for this age group since we began reporting national data in 1992.

These fatally injured employees worked in many different occupations: 29 percent in transportation and material moving; 15 percent in construction and extraction; 14 percent in management; 9 percent in installation, maintenance, and repair; 6 percent in building and grounds cleaning and maintenance; 5 percent in farming, fishing, and forestry; and the rest in other occupations.

Top occupational groups for workers age 55 and older who suffered fatal work injuries in 2016

Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

We also collect the event or exposure, which describes the manner in which the fatal injury occurred. More workers die from transportation incidents than any other event, while fires and explosions have the lowest counts. Of the 773 fatal injuries from transportation incidents in 2016, 135 workers were pedestrians fatally struck by a vehicle or mobile equipment. Roadway collisions with at least one other vehicle resulted in 219 worker deaths. Another 116 workers were killed in a roadway collision with an object other than a vehicle, which could include trees or barriers.

Falls, slips, and trips resulted in 426 fatal injuries to workers age 55 and older in 2016, second only behind transportation incidents. Within this category, 313 workers died from falls to a lower level. These include falls due to collapsing structures or equipment, through a surface or existing opening, or from objects or structures (such as trees, stairs, or roofs).

Fatal occupational injuries to workers age 55 and older by event

Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

In 2016, the total number of deaths among workers of all ages was at an 8-year high of 5,190. This was a 7-percent increase from the 4,836 fatal injuries reported in 2015. The 2016 fatal injury rate, 3.6 per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers, was the highest since 2010.

For more information on fatal occupational injuries in the United States, see the Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities homepage. You can get data from our data page and profiles system. We also have interactive charts, a longer set of tables and charts, and state data.

Rate of fatal work injuries per 100,000 full-time equivalent workers by age, 2016
Age Rate
16 to 17 2.1
18 to 19 1.9
20 to 24 2.4
25 to 34 2.5
35 to 44 3.1
45 to 54 3.5
55 to 64 4.7
65 and older 9.6
Top occupational groups for workers age 55 and older who suffered fatal work injuries in 2016
Occupation Number
Transportation and material moving 539
Construction and extraction 277
Management 252
Installation, maintenance, and repair 170
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance 115
Farming, fishing, and forestry 100
Fatal occupational injuries to workers age 55 and older by event
Event or exposure 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Transportation incident 673 658 659 720 772 773
Falls, slips, and trips 285 295 304 395 344 426
Contact with objects and equipment 236 263 233 250 276 288
Violence and other injuries by persons or animals 203 220 190 195 179 227
Exposure to harmful substances or environments 67 50 68 92 70 90
Fire or explosion 36 32 29 34 33 35

Celebrating 75 Years of BLS Regional Offices

World War II had a significant impact on the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. In 1942, the Office of Price Administration asked BLS to help them understand what was going on with prices and price controls. Price controls? Remember, this was during World War II and there was significant government intervention in markets. Shortly after that, the National War Labor Board asked BLS to conduct surveys and evaluate wage rate increases. These two projects showed the need for local information, not just national averages. Why am I writing about events from World War II? Well, the growing need for local data led BLS to create our regional offices, and we recently celebrated their 75th anniversary. I want to tell you a little about these offices and their rich history.

Today, BLS staff throughout the country collect price and wage data and more. As you can imagine, the uses of these data and the methods for collecting them have changed significantly. Our regional offices collect survey data, work closely with our state partners, and help people find and understand the information they need.

Survey data collection has changed significantly from the 1940s. Today our regional staff throughout the country work with survey respondents to make it as easy as possible to provide accurate information. Modern technology makes it easier to respond to our surveys, but even more important is the close relationships our regional staff have with survey respondents. That high-touch, high-tech approach has proven successful and helped us achieve high response rates.

BLS has a long history of working with states. We wrote about this unique and important partnership back in 2016. Our regional staff work closely with their state colleagues to provide data that are timely, accurate, and relevant to the local economy. We are proud of our partnership with the states.

Finally, each regional office has a small staff of economists dedicated to providing information to the public. These Economic Analysis and Information staff write news releases and other reports that focus on local data. The staff support our data collection efforts through outreach to local business communities and associations. The staff also provide information to people and businesses who use data to make important decisions.

What started as a way to provide analysis on government price controls and wage increases has evolved and blossomed into an integral part of BLS. The pioneering staff from our past and the dedicated staff of today allow us to produce gold standard economic statistics.

Congratulations to the BLS regional offices staff on 75 years of excellent service to the nation!

Why This Counts: What Does BLS Know about Certifications and Licenses?

Whether you are an aspiring doctor or lawyer, teacher or barber, chances are you need a license to legally work. Or you may already have a license and are now rushing to get your continuing professional education courses done before the end of the year! Whatever your status, what does BLS know about certifications and licenses and how can the information help?

While BLS and other federal statistical agencies have long produced data on educational attainment, there used to be few public sources of information on nondegree credentials like certifications and licenses. To meet this need, BLS added new questions to the Current Population Survey, the national household survey best known as the source of the official unemployment rate, back in 2015. These data help researchers, policymakers, business owners, workers, and jobseekers better understand how holding a certification or license relates to employment, unemployment, and earnings.

At BLS, we define certifications and licenses as nondegree credentials that show the holder has the skill or knowledge needed to perform a specific job. Certifications come from a nongovernmental body, such as a professional or industry organization. Licenses come from a government agency and show a legal permission to work in an occupation.

In 2016, about 44.5 million people (almost the number of people who live in Spain) held a currently active professional certification or license. People with a certification or license had an unemployment rate of 2.5 percent, compared with 5.6 percent for people without one of these credentials. One-fourth of the employed held a certification or license in 2016.

The prevalence of certifications and licenses varies by a worker’s occupation. In 2016, there were four occupation groups where more than half of workers held a certification or license: healthcare practitioners and technical occupations (77.0 percent); legal occupations (66.8 percent); education, training, and library occupations (55.5 percent); and healthcare support occupations (50.9 percent).

Chart showing percent of workers in each occupational group who had a certification or license in 2016.

Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

We also have information on how much workers with or without a certification or license earn. In 2016, the median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers with a certification or license was $1,032—35 percent higher than the median for workers without a certification or license ($765). These broad comparisons do not account for other important reasons that may explain differences in earnings, such as educational attainment and a worker’s specific job roles and responsibilities.

Whether you are a jobseeker, business owner, policy maker, or researcher, BLS data on professional certifications and licenses help you understand the important role that these credentials play in the U.S. labor market.

Percent of employed people with a certification or license by occupation, 2016 annual averages
Occupation With a license With a certification
but no license
Healthcare practitioners and technical 72.6% 4.4%
Legal 63.4 3.4
Education, training, and library 53.6 1.9
Healthcare support 47.2 3.6
Community and social services 33.5 5.0
Protective service 36.1 1.6
Personal care and service 27.9 3.1
Architecture and engineering 22.4 4.0
Life, physical, and social science 22.3 3.1
Total, 16 years and over 22.3 2.7
Business and financial operations 20.0 4.0
Installation, maintenance, and repair 18.3 5.3
Management 19.3 3.2
Transportation and material moving 20.7 1.5
Construction and extraction 17.5 2.2
Sales and related 14.3 1.8
Computer and mathematical 6.8 7.4
Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media 8.5 3.1
Production 8.0 2.2
Office and administrative support 8.2 1.4
Farming, fishing, and forestry 8.3 0.8
Food preparation and serving related 6.7 1.0
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance 6.5 1.1

Looking Under the Hood of Jobs Data: Job Openings and Hires by Firm Size

Let’s not bury the lead. Newly released experimental information from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that firms employing 500 workers or more consistently have more job openings and more hires than smaller firms. During the most recent recession, these larger firms cut job openings at a faster pace than did smaller firms. Following the recession, job openings grew more rapidly in larger firms.

Chart showing the number of job openings by firm size from 2000 to 2016

Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

OK, those are the highlights. But maybe you want to know more. Or maybe you have a comment or question. Read on.

Monthly headlines from BLS show the change in the number of jobs and information about the labor force, such as the unemployment rate. For example, employers added 228,000 jobs in November 2017, and the national unemployment rate stood at 4.1 percent. But behind those top-side numbers, there’s a lot going on in the job world. BLS provides much of that detail, including unemployment rates by demographic groups, jobs created by new versus expanding firms, and employment by occupation.

Today we take a look at some experimental information recently released from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. The survey provides monthly information on the number and rate of job openings at the end of the month, as well as job turnover (hires and separations) during the month. For example, at the end of October 2017, employers had 6.0 million job openings. There were 5.6 million workers hired and 5.2 million workers separated during October. And of those separations, quits outnumbered layoffs and discharges by a ratio of 2 to 1 (3.2 million quits, 1.6 million layoffs and discharges).

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey began in 2000. It provides nearly two decades of data that span business cycles, including the moderate recession in the early 2000s and the deep recession in the late 2000s. These monthly reports highlight differences by industry. For example, over the past several years, job openings have outpaced hires in the health care and social assistance, suggesting a continual need for skilled labor. In contrast, hires outpaced job openings in the construction industry, indicating a steady availability of labor.

What effect does firm size have on job openings and labor turnover? To unpack this question, BLS staff developed newly available experimental measures by firm size. A firm is defined as a related set of job sites. A firm may be a single location, such as Joe’s Plumbing Supply. Or a firm may have many different sites across industries and geography, including manufacturing, transportation and warehousing, and multiple retail locations. To develop these firm-level estimates, BLS staff identified entities with multiple locations and used the combined employment to slot firms into size categories. The new information is available for 3 groups: small (1–49 workers), medium (50–499 workers), and large (500 workers or more).

Some highlights from the data:

  • Large firms have twice as many job openings as do small and medium-sized firms.
  • Large firms also have the highest job opening rate, which is the ratio of job openings to the sum of employment plus job openings.
  • The number of hires by firm size is similar to the pattern of job openings; hires in large firms are nearly twice that of small and medium-sized firms.
  • The rate of hires, which compares the number of hires to employment, is about the same across firm size classes, especially in the past few years.

Chart showing the number of hires by firm size from 2000 to 2016.
Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

We want to hear from you. BLS develops experimental measures like these to provide greater understanding of the job market. As we continue to work on these and other measures, we seek your input. Send your questions and comments about the usefulness of these data to the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey staff.

Job openings levels by firm size, seasonally adjusted
Month Firm Size 1 (1-49) Firm Size 2 (50-499) Firm Size 3 (500+)
Dec 2000 1,063,970 1,212,812 2,166,647
Jan 2001 1,254,187 1,040,641 2,268,253
Feb 2001 1,150,018 1,001,138 2,330,520
Mar 2001 1,010,503 1,009,600 2,186,925
Apr 2001 998,581 1,025,288 2,321,541
May 2001 1,026,328 957,490 1,969,731
Jun 2001 935,187 944,611 1,972,341
Jul 2001 999,543 1,029,769 1,854,611
Aug 2001 889,501 900,890 1,881,136
Sep 2001 1,024,910 836,926 1,764,339
Oct 2001 888,204 725,598 1,564,310
Nov 2001 758,424 742,852 1,613,718
Dec 2001 802,515 748,965 1,658,384
Jan 2002 819,942 764,312 1,732,144
Feb 2002 656,857 762,218 1,545,264
Mar 2002 824,546 775,262 1,577,612
Apr 2002 692,005 764,940 1,506,129
May 2002 649,226 803,459 1,574,740
Jun 2002 675,642 769,944 1,454,594
Jul 2002 685,787 752,854 1,547,899
Aug 2002 692,592 803,598 1,530,478
Sep 2002 675,723 779,605 1,475,356
Oct 2002 689,451 798,260 1,660,696
Nov 2002 747,380 823,511 1,545,712
Dec 2002 591,276 749,792 1,382,984
Jan 2003 659,814 846,905 1,695,355
Feb 2003 777,288 711,685 1,530,725
Mar 2003 630,879 703,489 1,376,433
Apr 2003 726,806 723,117 1,365,285
May 2003 691,890 690,646 1,440,691
Jun 2003 682,601 765,484 1,493,878
Jul 2003 588,080 756,229 1,457,439
Aug 2003 635,308 754,020 1,513,807
Sep 2003 577,984 743,507 1,512,187
Oct 2003 587,303 829,886 1,413,296
Nov 2003 665,540 763,665 1,531,106
Dec 2003 749,094 773,746 1,524,435
Jan 2004 694,810 797,141 1,522,552
Feb 2004 769,596 786,344 1,543,821
Mar 2004 738,410 791,238 1,543,012
Apr 2004 685,387 823,964 1,690,254
May 2004 761,604 791,158 1,646,144
Jun 2004 665,849 751,611 1,621,204
Jul 2004 851,274 894,772 1,771,733
Aug 2004 748,355 827,281 1,591,622
Sep 2004 837,001 860,695 1,661,575
Oct 2004 731,538 862,201 1,733,695
Nov 2004 705,789 847,738 1,517,289
Dec 2004 847,389 876,217 1,741,215
Jan 2005 709,852 847,541 1,696,328
Feb 2005 808,783 899,841 1,813,490
Mar 2005 788,508 885,484 1,848,385
Apr 2005 903,479 885,600 1,894,028
May 2005 824,299 875,760 1,761,937
Jun 2005 870,511 925,176 1,870,100
Jul 2005 931,449 914,756 1,961,559
Aug 2005 898,673 941,476 1,844,530
Sep 2005 871,357 985,556 1,985,304
Oct 2005 895,342 914,615 2,075,976
Nov 2005 871,046 965,398 2,282,418
Dec 2005 861,935 930,504 2,127,341
Jan 2006 926,197 961,337 1,911,830
Feb 2006 870,674 935,421 2,182,583
Mar 2006 900,388 1,026,440 2,202,735
Apr 2006 880,717 1,040,964 2,159,372
May 2006 814,733 1,039,701 2,156,708
Jun 2006 866,922 1,045,813 2,002,970
Jul 2006 737,882 966,338 1,907,429
Aug 2006 876,173 1,016,973 2,192,267
Sep 2006 916,373 1,011,528 2,120,209
Oct 2006 839,329 1,058,198 2,144,379
Nov 2006 935,772 1,037,996 2,217,716
Dec 2006 856,726 1,041,513 2,177,949
Jan 2007 1,006,703 1,008,318 2,165,823
Feb 2007 981,978 1,095,137 2,069,850
Mar 2007 982,120 1,083,153 2,182,194
Apr 2007 869,195 1,175,773 2,075,431
May 2007 824,392 1,111,851 2,178,150
Jun 2007 1,026,474 1,033,211 2,150,486
Jul 2007 931,291 995,952 2,052,904
Aug 2007 944,960 1,014,174 2,094,487
Sep 2007 1,066,472 1,032,697 1,980,685
Oct 2007 972,154 970,969 1,913,129
Nov 2007 801,655 1,093,272 2,006,124
Dec 2007 827,479 1,097,070 2,015,637
Jan 2008 838,863 1,078,494 1,894,825
Feb 2008 761,539 1,009,438 1,970,060
Mar 2008 774,405 928,884 1,920,134
Apr 2008 710,503 890,409 1,929,298
May 2008 710,516 961,534 1,793,445
Jun 2008 638,053 883,051 1,861,865
Jul 2008 701,938 886,335 1,804,058
Aug 2008 633,271 783,453 1,761,845
Sep 2008 623,029 723,106 1,530,778
Oct 2008 581,304 773,531 1,461,046
Nov 2008 606,081 660,174 1,378,183
Dec 2008 622,312 673,974 1,360,074
Jan 2009 495,874 569,429 1,320,120
Feb 2009 587,551 606,813 1,264,330
Mar 2009 497,280 576,812 1,029,149
Apr 2009 530,082 443,185 865,437
May 2009 526,902 526,912 1,012,171
Jun 2009 542,708 536,379 1,013,176
Jul 2009 444,382 493,845 954,306
Aug 2009 428,605 513,075 1,010,607
Sep 2009 542,212 574,082 1,108,933
Oct 2009 501,879 510,090 959,637
Nov 2009 536,770 473,118 1,086,248
Dec 2009 457,470 575,790 1,145,838
Jan 2010 643,666 596,114 1,032,360
Feb 2010 580,156 536,242 1,149,156
Mar 2010 502,226 558,306 1,239,238
Apr 2010 592,456 631,601 1,203,511
May 2010 639,745 537,033 1,282,322
Jun 2010 533,152 599,522 1,202,898
Jul 2010 597,570 607,774 1,359,417
Aug 2010 599,959 646,695 1,319,523
Sep 2010 531,391 595,451 1,331,049
Oct 2010 593,875 616,584 1,348,310
Nov 2010 643,919 659,356 1,496,531
Dec 2010 558,604 582,033 1,418,940
Jan 2011 506,982 659,392 1,499,176
Feb 2011 544,751 706,101 1,519,162
Mar 2011 584,823 727,292 1,547,740
Apr 2011 549,428 711,284 1,595,959
May 2011 567,386 682,449 1,611,429
Jun 2011 544,848 690,205 1,657,846
Jul 2011 605,337 767,058 1,619,459
Aug 2011 556,717 677,988 1,648,114
Sep 2011 614,540 778,966 1,731,454
Oct 2011 574,275 746,781 1,725,148
Nov 2011 577,001 791,911 1,558,570
Dec 2011 638,596 810,484 1,611,179
Jan 2012 856,476 852,412 1,641,457
Feb 2012 647,857 790,085 1,731,296
Mar 2012 664,828 844,686 1,906,753
Apr 2012 803,914 809,055 1,514,008
May 2012 683,030 808,866 1,790,451
Jun 2012 752,012 831,447 1,765,436
Jul 2012 584,262 817,409 1,796,499
Aug 2012 626,419 886,155 1,694,821
Sep 2012 694,209 800,200 1,654,448
Oct 2012 645,981 826,044 1,854,123
Nov 2012 689,248 821,095 1,838,717
Dec 2012 609,350 797,497 1,909,677
Jan 2013 605,325 732,763 2,107,198
Feb 2013 775,285 897,160 1,964,961
Mar 2013 740,705 845,484 1,879,283
Apr 2013 655,993 797,119 2,017,197
May 2013 712,099 886,951 1,791,954
Jun 2013 751,267 824,265 1,921,027
Jul 2013 759,741 823,744 1,875,751
Aug 2013 695,439 848,376 1,976,546
Sep 2013 759,238 777,782 2,131,494
Oct 2013 775,829 890,226 2,031,372
Nov 2013 665,386 906,564 2,065,046
Dec 2013 863,397 850,283 1,902,300
Jan 2014 738,287 868,753 1,955,377
Feb 2014 719,973 894,977 2,131,462
Mar 2014 724,779 908,744 2,140,206
Apr 2014 672,254 968,735 2,226,002
May 2014 897,433 1,021,611 2,100,846
Jun 2014 809,532 1,065,672 2,279,388
Jul 2014 843,835 1,045,672 2,201,345
Aug 2014 1,023,698 1,076,735 2,405,701
Sep 2014 848,249 1,082,785 2,271,364
Oct 2014 925,023 1,112,348 2,407,717
Nov 2014 913,184 1,071,576 2,471,944
Dec 2014 1,020,488 1,045,791 2,519,759
Jan 2015 978,576 1,133,080 2,406,159
Feb 2015 1,034,832 1,137,611 2,474,784
Mar 2015 1,069,993 1,123,116 2,497,265
Apr 2015 1,127,145 1,124,431 2,752,632
May 2015 912,763 1,193,958 2,716,834
Jun 2015 922,279 1,148,527 2,670,402
Jul 2015 1,098,547 1,283,295 2,934,229
Aug 2015 1,081,112 1,179,710 2,696,909
Sep 2015 1,009,519 1,227,686 2,769,545
Oct 2015 1,126,124 1,179,108 2,681,410
Nov 2015 1,107,200 1,149,924 2,799,185
Dec 2015 1,089,582 1,265,657 2,777,688
Jan 2016 1,072,685 1,183,639 2,832,936
Feb 2016 1,200,143 1,183,363 2,836,629
Mar 2016 1,259,657 1,245,163 2,897,275
Apr 2016 1,031,362 1,166,838 2,759,454
May 2016 1,104,170 1,160,643 2,838,929
Jun 2016 1,085,279 1,157,550 2,818,792
Jul 2016 1,146,899 1,197,112 2,871,515
Aug 2016 1,010,185 1,167,324 2,885,284
Sep 2016 1,096,455 1,213,755 2,939,373
Oct 2016 1,074,446 1,186,426 2,853,713
Nov 2016 1,170,857 1,278,675 2,920,800
Dec 2016 1,099,875 1,251,094 2,843,566
Hires levels by firm size, seasonally adjusted
Month Firm Size 1 (1-49) Firm Size 2 (50-499) Firm Size 3 (500+)
Dec 2000 1,318,760 1,465,514 2,226,675
Jan 2001 1,446,901 1,367,157 2,489,504
Feb 2001 1,305,908 1,567,814 2,318,121
Mar 2001 1,353,462 1,552,926 2,422,797
Apr 2001 1,426,138 1,359,579 2,351,722
May 2001 1,370,351 1,395,206 2,350,992
Jun 2001 1,336,154 1,399,976 2,094,197
Jul 2001 1,293,642 1,454,056 2,076,131
Aug 2001 1,302,158 1,337,434 2,047,302
Sep 2001 1,281,957 1,384,610 1,967,274
Oct 2001 1,353,912 1,338,900 2,011,421
Nov 2001 1,334,527 1,257,781 1,941,739
Dec 2001 1,307,061 1,295,405 1,881,384
Jan 2002 1,279,438 1,287,183 2,021,261
Feb 2002 1,325,149 1,303,163 1,997,492
Mar 2002 1,146,362 1,277,928 1,965,695
Apr 2002 1,235,074 1,346,882 2,001,240
May 2002 1,271,869 1,358,353 1,991,768
Jun 2002 1,337,649 1,346,893 1,854,062
Jul 2002 1,427,260 1,308,277 1,916,786
Aug 2002 1,337,754 1,280,995 1,888,414
Sep 2002 1,388,080 1,249,723 1,895,845
Oct 2002 1,317,940 1,245,359 1,904,631
Nov 2002 1,328,551 1,249,760 1,942,073
Dec 2002 1,403,834 1,263,550 1,973,256
Jan 2003 1,425,007 1,301,127 1,889,634
Feb 2003 1,355,952 1,218,959 1,896,054
Mar 2003 1,257,855 1,151,789 1,798,934
Apr 2003 1,378,746 1,221,686 1,690,254
May 2003 1,298,053 1,219,640 1,793,446
Jun 2003 1,344,844 1,226,149 1,876,850
Jul 2003 1,369,431 1,195,969 1,812,395
Aug 2003 1,390,340 1,217,625 1,823,133
Sep 2003 1,391,621 1,285,592 1,895,176
Oct 2003 1,372,786 1,277,518 1,891,770
Nov 2003 1,312,049 1,284,619 1,871,773
Dec 2003 1,460,039 1,282,030 1,899,105
Jan 2004 1,404,237 1,273,957 1,866,649
Feb 2004 1,377,906 1,268,343 1,792,621
Mar 2004 1,533,492 1,365,907 1,971,024
Apr 2004 1,417,666 1,352,287 2,050,848
May 2004 1,380,450 1,277,778 1,959,227
Jun 2004 1,435,713 1,295,345 1,928,735
Jul 2004 1,382,952 1,340,491 1,856,892
Aug 2004 1,408,878 1,372,834 1,968,591
Sep 2004 1,403,414 1,355,400 1,895,594
Oct 2004 1,540,296 1,328,544 1,892,138
Nov 2004 1,486,331 1,346,403 1,905,103
Dec 2004 1,439,186 1,371,908 2,059,142
Jan 2005 1,440,918 1,427,256 2,071,931
Feb 2005 1,547,511 1,355,205 2,103,535
Mar 2005 1,512,477 1,369,490 2,029,732
Apr 2005 1,515,338 1,369,141 2,071,545
May 2005 1,527,484 1,406,320 2,022,931
Jun 2005 1,497,350 1,435,937 2,128,139
Jul 2005 1,391,798 1,318,066 2,193,308
Aug 2005 1,564,504 1,398,008 2,126,327
Sep 2005 1,526,094 1,491,917 2,045,598
Oct 2005 1,428,827 1,302,892 1,965,450
Nov 2005 1,502,986 1,374,253 2,058,195
Dec 2005 1,356,557 1,376,234 1,990,594
Jan 2006 1,410,289 1,432,683 2,054,309
Feb 2006 1,460,785 1,447,390 2,096,165
Mar 2006 1,407,262 1,447,276 2,095,818
Apr 2006 1,450,448 1,413,888 2,065,425
May 2006 1,484,521 1,439,687 2,224,986
Jun 2006 1,419,368 1,353,346 2,132,509
Jul 2006 1,452,650 1,423,682 2,040,980
Aug 2006 1,405,847 1,380,246 2,052,351
Sep 2006 1,358,985 1,316,145 2,073,467
Oct 2006 1,331,918 1,398,602 2,144,326
Nov 2006 1,446,960 1,387,794 2,229,577
Dec 2006 1,420,679 1,370,741 2,154,608
Jan 2007 1,409,639 1,287,272 2,115,281
Feb 2007 1,393,078 1,294,136 2,202,493
Mar 2007 1,411,430 1,370,502 2,178,838
Apr 2007 1,309,820 1,373,503 2,111,258
May 2007 1,410,149 1,352,687 2,181,448
Jun 2007 1,333,598 1,389,660 2,037,214
Jul 2007 1,324,344 1,343,331 2,045,869
Aug 2007 1,337,920 1,370,599 1,992,727
Sep 2007 1,355,047 1,309,281 2,104,084
Oct 2007 1,383,515 1,395,818 2,027,436
Nov 2007 1,281,548 1,363,251 2,099,231
Dec 2007 1,309,850 1,288,603 2,019,383
Jan 2008 1,217,771 1,269,877 2,023,082
Feb 2008 1,262,912 1,291,378 2,015,008
Mar 2008 1,263,120 1,239,302 1,857,792
Apr 2008 1,231,862 1,215,344 2,160,571
May 2008 1,236,957 1,230,516 1,823,008
Jun 2008 1,273,816 1,219,170 1,896,089
Jul 2008 1,187,865 1,150,430 1,816,436
Aug 2008 1,269,645 1,155,033 1,813,791
Sep 2008 1,089,156 1,111,869 1,772,296
Oct 2008 1,201,954 1,106,524 1,818,684
Nov 2008 1,110,536 992,021 1,525,636
Dec 2008 1,209,249 1,057,698 1,600,882
Jan 2009 1,225,559 940,159 1,634,854
Feb 2009 1,243,700 986,210 1,429,135
Mar 2009 1,150,065 887,705 1,332,012
Apr 2009 1,220,912 869,669 1,361,420
May 2009 1,136,971 889,487 1,493,545
Jun 2009 1,097,273 865,400 1,328,077
Jul 2009 1,320,304 893,442 1,308,501
Aug 2009 1,114,072 880,755 1,419,193
Sep 2009 1,185,031 936,367 1,418,408
Oct 2009 1,238,379 933,386 1,239,511
Nov 2009 1,115,148 971,214 1,501,134
Dec 2009 1,226,484 919,104 1,434,415
Jan 2010 1,170,752 973,298 1,373,246
Feb 2010 1,087,871 962,895 1,420,048
Mar 2010 1,158,651 986,494 1,529,647
Apr 2010 1,255,357 1,025,533 1,419,978
May 2010 1,116,114 963,500 1,530,405
Jun 2010 1,121,494 1,002,751 1,571,730
Jul 2010 1,162,768 1,046,762 1,595,877
Aug 2010 1,138,075 930,594 1,594,389
Sep 2010 1,111,015 997,738 1,576,427
Oct 2010 1,137,516 999,908 1,609,164
Nov 2010 1,120,077 1,055,164 1,605,815
Dec 2010 1,160,044 1,075,095 1,607,322
Jan 2011 1,048,173 1,017,702 1,574,526
Feb 2011 1,192,245 996,951 1,688,950
Mar 2011 1,169,580 1,072,233 1,685,502
Apr 2011 1,131,876 1,119,162 1,671,499
May 2011 1,106,814 1,020,239 1,750,821
Jun 2011 1,216,172 1,035,178 1,756,111
Jul 2011 1,109,922 998,628 1,740,574
Aug 2011 1,145,240 1,079,415 1,644,789
Sep 2011 1,195,530 1,101,563 1,682,709
Oct 2011 1,086,715 1,019,294 1,811,912
Nov 2011 1,201,244 1,063,548 1,698,367
Dec 2011 1,136,007 1,064,969 1,698,529
Jan 2012 1,193,211 1,109,032 1,675,329
Feb 2012 1,178,924 1,045,587 1,920,240
Mar 2012 1,162,416 1,067,826 1,850,816
Apr 2012 1,190,873 1,084,135 1,719,193
May 2012 1,139,691 1,138,575 1,872,741
Jun 2012 1,154,599 1,165,322 1,793,172
Jul 2012 1,089,151 1,032,845 1,765,991
Aug 2012 1,112,769 1,152,600 1,816,371
Sep 2012 1,118,053 1,103,702 1,742,666
Oct 2012 1,065,148 989,872 1,906,174
Nov 2012 1,212,687 1,115,565 1,819,064
Dec 2012 1,136,490 1,080,390 1,871,245
Jan 2013 1,121,119 997,951 1,958,366
Feb 2013 1,238,795 1,125,022 1,892,729
Mar 2013 1,107,566 1,101,311 1,752,245
Apr 2013 1,052,228 1,093,062 2,080,310
May 2013 1,250,398 1,154,137 1,829,976
Jun 2013 1,148,502 1,072,681 1,988,865
Jul 2013 1,147,374 1,104,954 1,918,433
Aug 2013 1,208,593 1,155,864 2,036,422
Sep 2013 1,177,088 1,079,386 2,113,766
Oct 2013 1,110,623 1,143,208 1,839,957
Nov 2013 1,073,131 1,065,698 2,167,660
Dec 2013 1,106,693 1,074,856 2,039,483
Jan 2014 1,104,023 1,154,049 2,028,844
Feb 2014 1,055,989 1,148,844 2,122,444
Mar 2014 1,122,872 1,148,640 2,169,515
Apr 2014 1,042,346 1,119,847 2,143,104
May 2014 1,108,411 1,173,336 2,109,039
Jun 2014 1,083,067 1,211,803 2,170,004
Jul 2014 1,240,653 1,251,579 2,172,983
Aug 2014 1,189,251 1,175,148 2,206,985
Sep 2014 1,226,232 1,190,158 2,254,999
Oct 2014 1,207,446 1,312,524 2,231,064
Nov 2014 1,218,237 1,225,569 2,312,003
Dec 2014 1,267,948 1,232,018 2,284,648
Jan 2015 1,213,062 1,228,166 2,272,373
Feb 2015 1,250,159 1,263,418 2,126,148
Mar 2015 1,231,678 1,241,767 2,279,434
Apr 2015 1,245,923 1,264,923 2,264,581
May 2015 1,291,302 1,207,006 2,302,261
Jun 2015 1,289,104 1,271,444 2,259,159
Jul 2015 1,210,158 1,243,010 2,271,680
Aug 2015 1,275,162 1,237,645 2,271,298
Sep 2015 1,268,954 1,248,053 2,245,990
Oct 2015 1,315,735 1,255,112 2,338,626
Nov 2015 1,246,228 1,243,741 2,414,955
Dec 2015 1,270,772 1,331,290 2,524,798
Jan 2016 1,253,571 1,222,686 2,334,028
Feb 2016 1,310,998 1,271,022 2,471,003
Mar 2016 1,270,692 1,260,761 2,389,419
Apr 2016 1,163,963 1,233,095 2,307,158
May 2016 1,187,302 1,261,620 2,345,003
Jun 2016 1,237,558 1,301,508 2,281,249
Jul 2016 1,254,032 1,229,814 2,398,035
Aug 2016 1,212,786 1,316,852 2,313,075
Sep 2016 1,104,791 1,251,080 2,324,681
Oct 2016 1,243,323 1,291,155 2,331,589
Nov 2016 1,283,522 1,349,233 2,237,211
Dec 2016 1,296,891 1,277,402 2,311,098