Topic Archives: Job Openings, Hires, and Separations

Labor Market Status of U.S. Military Veterans in 2017

In honor of Veterans Day, here’s a one-stop shop of all of our most up-to-date data on veterans.

  • After reaching 9.9 percent in January 2011, the unemployment rate for veterans was 2.7 percent in October 2017. This is the lowest rate since 2000.
  • The unemployment rate for Gulf War-era II veterans — who served on active duty at any time since September 2001 — reached 15.2 percent in January 2011. However, the unemployment rate was 3.6 percent in October 2017, the lowest rate since this series began in 2006.
  • The peak unemployment rate for nonveterans was 10.4 percent in January 2010; their rate was 3.8 percent in October 2017.
  • There were 347,000 unemployed veterans in the United States in the third quarter of 2017; 30 percent of them were ages 18 to 34.
  • In the third quarter of 2017, more veterans worked in government than in any other industry; 21 percent of all veterans and 25 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans worked for federal, state, or local government. By comparison, 13 percent of employed nonveterans worked in government.
  • After government, the next largest employers of veterans are manufacturing and professional and business services.

Now let’s take a look at some data that may help veterans who are looking for work or considering a career change.

Looking to move?

In 2016, the unemployment rate for veterans varied across the country, ranging from 1.8 percent in Indiana to 7.6 percent in the District of Columbia.

A map showing unemployment rates for U.S. military veterans by state in 2016

Editor’s note: Data for this map are available in the table below.

What industries have the most job openings?

There were 6.1 million job openings in September 2017. Here’s how they break down by industry.

A chart showing job openings by industry in September 2017.

Editor’s note: Data for this chart are available in the table below.

What are the fastest-growing jobs?

Thank you, veterans, for your service. Check out our website at www.bls.gov 24/7 or give our information office a call at 202-691-5200. We also have regional information offices available to assist you. BLS has the data you need to make wise decisions.

Unemployment rates for veterans by state, 2016 annual averages
State Unemployment rate
Total, 18 years and over 4.3%

Alabama

4.9

Alaska

2.7

Arizona

3.9

Arkansas

3.1

California

5.4

Colorado

3.9

Connecticut

4.4

Delaware

4.1

District of Columbia

7.6

Florida

4.2

Georgia

3.5

Hawaii

2.2

Idaho

3.6

Illinois

6.7

Indiana

1.8

Iowa

4.2

Kansas

5.2

Kentucky

3.9

Louisiana

5.0

Maine

3.1

Maryland

3.8

Massachusetts

4.6

Michigan

3.2

Minnesota

5.8

Mississippi

4.6

Missouri

3.2

Montana

4.4

Nebraska

4.1

Nevada

4.0

New Hampshire

2.1

New Jersey

4.9

New Mexico

3.6

New York

5.6

North Carolina

4.5

North Dakota

3.9

Ohio

4.2

Oklahoma

4.5

Oregon

6.3

Pennsylvania

5.2

Rhode Island

3.7

South Carolina

5.0

South Dakota

2.6

Tennessee

3.6

Texas

3.6

Utah

2.3

Vermont

2.2

Virginia

3.4

Washington

3.8

West Virginia

4.8

Wisconsin

5.0

Wyoming

5.1
Note: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
Job openings by industry in September 2017
Industry Number
Professional and business services 1,193,000
Health care and social assistance 1,074,000
Accommodation and food services 667,000
Retail trade 616,000
Manufacturing 425,000
Finance and insurance 280,000
Other services 280,000
State and local government, excluding education 267,000
Transportation, warehousing, and utilities 246,000
Wholesale trade 222,000
Construction 196,000
State and local government education 182,000
Educational services 98,000
Information 94,000
Arts, entertainment, and recreation 90,000
Federal government 81,000
Real estate and rental and leasing 59,000
Mining and logging 24,000

Labor Day 2017 Fast Facts

Since 1884, ten years before President Grover Cleveland signed the law designating “Labor Day” as the first Monday in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics has been providing gold-standard data for and about American workers.

In honor of Labor Day, let’s take a look at some fast facts we’ve compiled that show the current picture of our labor market. 

Working

Working or Looking for Work

  • The civilian labor force participation rate—the share of the population working or looking for work—was 62.9 percent in August. The rate has generally been trending down since the early 2000s, although it has leveled off in recent years.

Not Working

  • The unemployment rate was 4.4 percent in August. The rate has shown little movement in recent months after declining earlier in the year. The last time the unemployment rate was lower was in 2000 and early 2001.
  • In August, there were 1.7 million long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more). This represented 24.7 percent of the unemployed, down from a peak of 45.5 percent in April 2010 but still above the 16-percent share seen in late 2006 and 2007.
  • Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for teenagers was 13.6 percent in August, while the rates were 4.1 percent for adult men and 4.0 percent for adult women. The unemployment rate was 7.7 percent for Blacks or African Americans, 5.2 percent for Hispanics or Latinos, 4.0 percent for Asians, and 3.9 percent for Whites. 

Job Openings

Pay and Benefits

  • Average weekly earnings rose by 2.8 percent between July 2016 and July 2017; adjusted for inflation, real average weekly earnings are up 1.1 percent during this period.
  • Paid leave benefits are available to a majority of private industry workers, where the access rates were 68 percent for sick leave, 76 percent for vacation, and 77 percent for holidays in March 2017.
  • Nearly half (49 percent) of private industry workers participated in employer-sponsored medical care benefits in March 2017.

Productivity

  • Labor productivity in nonfarm businesses increased 0.9 percent in the second quarter of 2017. Although productivity is growing at a historically slow pace since the Great Recession, the manufacturing sector recently posted the strongest productivity growth in 21 quarters, growing 2.5 percent in the second quarter of 2017. 

Safety and Health

Education

  • Occupations that typically require a bachelor’s degree for entry made up 21 percent of employment. This educational category includes registered nurses, teachers at the kindergarten through secondary levels, and many management, business and financial operations, computer, and engineering occupations.
  • For 11 of the 15 occupations projected to grow the fastest between 2014 and 2024, some postsecondary education is typically required for entry.

Unionization

Work Stoppages

  • Over the past four decades, major work stoppages (a strike or lockout) declined approximately 90 percent. From 1977 to 1986 there were 1,446 major work stoppages, while in 2007–16, there were 143.

From an American worker’s first job to retirement and everything in between, BLS has a stat for that! Want to learn more? Follow us on Twitter @BLS_gov.

Diagnosing “Grey’s Anatomy” with 5 doses of BLS data

Editor’s note: Elizabeth Cross, an economist at the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, wrote this post.

A television series that blends the professional and personal stories of doctors, “Grey’s Anatomy” is one of America’s most-watched medical dramas. You may know everything there is to know about McDreamy and McSteamy, but there’s still plenty to learn about other facets of the show.

Here are 5 facts from BLS related to “Grey’s Anatomy.”

  1. The drama is set in a fictional hospital in Seattle, Washington. According to data from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, there were 34 general medical and surgical hospitals in the Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Washington, metropolitan statistical area in 2016.

Artistic image of doctors and a patient in an operating room.

  1. The show’s doctors and nurses rarely discuss their income or wages, but data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey offer clues. Those estimates show an average annual wage of $90,780 in May 2016 for healthcare practitioners and technical occupations in the Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Washington, metropolitan statistical area. That was more than the average annual wage of $79,160 for healthcare practitioners and technical occupations nationally.

Artistic image of a medical chart, stethoscope, calculator, mobile phone, and money.

  1. The series has been praised for its racially diverse cast, but that small-screen diversity doesn’t always match occupational reality. According to the Current Population Survey, 71.6 percent of employed physicians and surgeons in 2016 were White, which is about on par with the current “Grey’s Anatomy” cast. But 7.5 percent of physicians and surgeons in the United States were Black or African American and 19.3 percent were Asian, compared with about 31 percent and 0 percent, respectively, in the current cast. Similarly, 38.2 percent of physicians and surgeons in the United States in 2016 were women, while around half of the drama’s main characters are women.

An artistic image of a diverse group of six doctors.

  1. The show’s writers seem keen on killing off its characters in dramatic fashion. Most of those casualties have involved plot lines away from the hospital, but the few that have occurred onsite may imitate real life. According to the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, 7 of the 11 on-the-job fatal injuries for physicians and surgeons nationwide in 2015 were due to intentional violence by other people or self-inflicted injury.

An artistic image of a gravestone with flowers.

  1. Although some characters have met a bleak end, new ones are always being added to the series. Planning for new workers to fill openings may be grounded in fact: Employment Projections data show that about 290,000 job openings for physicians and surgeons are expected between 2014 and 2024. About 190,700 of those openings are projected to replace workers who leave the occupation permanently.

An artistic image of a hospital, ambulance, and medical helicopter.

Put Your Writing Skills to Work

Editor’s note: This post was written by Alan Zilberman, an economist at the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

There are countless ways for people to express themselves through the written word. Social media, blogs, comment boards, and even private diaries are a way to flex the writing muscle. Most writers are happy to offer their thoughts for free, but the sheer quantity of media outlets and demand for content creates opportunities in occupations that put writing skills to work.

Writing occupations communicate ideas and concepts through written language. Let’s take a closer look at some of them.

  • Writers and authors compose everything from novels to blog posts. They also write short stories, advertising copy, movie or TV scripts, and plays.
  • Reporters and correspondents, also known as journalists, include workers that write articles for newspapers, magazines, or Internet publications such as online only news services. They may report the news or offer their own opinions.
  • Editors plan, assign, and review everything from newspaper articles to novels. They review writing for syntax, spelling, and “bigger picture” concerns like style and storytelling.

All of these occupations are projected to have job openings in 2024, and all typically require a bachelor’s degree for entry, usually in English, journalism, or communications.

Writing occupation employment, wages, and projected job openings
Occupation 2014 Employment Percent self employed in 2014 Job openings due to growth and replacements,
2014–24
Median annual wage, 2016 Typical education needed for entry

Reporters and correspondents

49,300 14.8% 15,900 $37,820 Bachelor’s degree

Editors

117,200 13.6% 42,500 $57,210 Bachelor’s degree

Writers and authors

136,500 65.7% 26,100 $61,240 Bachelor’s degree

About two-thirds of writers and authors were self-employed in 2014, as were about 1 in 6 editors and reporters and correspondents. Most wage and salary workers in these occupations work in publishing industries, such as magazines, newspapers, or book publishers. People who write and edit for a living can often do so from their homes.

Median annual wages for these occupations ranged from $61,240 for writers and authors, to $57,210 for editors, to $37,820 for reporters and correspondents. (Wages are for May 2016. These wages do not include self-employed workers.) Wages for reporters and correspondents are much higher in metropolitan areas where many publishers are based, such as the New York and Washington, DC, metropolitan areas.

In order to get their work published, a writer or journalist typically proposes an assignment, also known as a “pitch,” to the appropriate editor. Editors are the gatekeepers for the outlets where they work; they read pitches, decide which ones are best for their readers, and approve them accordingly. Editors also take a writer’s initial draft and improve it so it is clearer and more evocative. By researching what editors want, writers can develop a portfolio of their “clips,” which will then increase their chances to build their writing careers. A newer alternative for writers and journalists to get their work published is to self-publish on the Internet, such as in a blog or in an e-book marketplace. If a blog or e-book gains enough attention or popularity, self-published writers could transition into more lucrative writing deals.

Explore all of these occupations and many more in the Occupational Outlook Handbook.

Why This Counts: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

Looking solely at net employment change is similar to looking at the surface of a lake. You’ll see ripples and changes, but there’s a whole lot of activity going on underneath the surface. Using JOLTS data—the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey—provides a peek at what’s going on below the surface of net employment change.

The basics

JOLTS is a monthly survey of 16,000 establishments that asks employers to provide information on the number of job openings (as of the last business day of the month) and the total number of hires and separations that occurred throughout the month. By asking for the total number of hires and separations over the entire month, we can get a sense of just how many jobs started and ended within a month. For example, in February 2017 there were 5.3 million hires and 5.1 million separations. That’s approximately the population of Colorado moving in and out of jobs in a single month!

A chart showing trends in the numbers of hires and job separations from 2007 to 2017.

Editor’s note: A text-only version of the graphic is below.

Understanding the churn

You may be familiar with the headline payroll employment number that comes out each month, with information on how many net jobs were gained or lost. However, JOLTS data give us insight on what goes on beyond the monthly employment data. JOLTS data show us just how dynamic the U.S. labor market is and can illuminate which industries have persistent unmet demand for workers.

Movement into and out of jobs is often called “churn.” As the rates of hires and separations climb, this increased “churn” can signal a healthy labor market where workers can move in and out of jobs with relative ease. Similarly, when rates of hires and separations fall, workers may have more difficulty moving from job to job.

JOLTS data can also give us insight into labor market changes before the net employment figures can. In the last recession, the hiring rate started to decelerate before payroll employment slowed.

Further insight into industries

Labor market activity differs by industry. By using the combination of hires and job openings rates, we can explore which industries have persistent low-level demand for workers and which industries may have a high unmet demand for workers. When the openings rate exceeds the hiring rate, the industry has an unmet demand for workers.

Consider jobs in construction, retail trade, and accommodation and food services. There are fewer job openings than hires in these industries, suggesting that employers can easily find workers. Many jobs in these industries require minimal training or experience, which means it is easy to find workers. It may also mean that workers don’t stay with one employer for very long. JOLTS data confirm this. These industries have high churn, with large numbers of hires and large numbers of separations. Trends in hires and separations tend to move together, meaning employers are frequently replacing workers.

A chart showing hires rates and job separations rates in construction, retail trade, and accommodation and food service from 2007 to 2017.

Editor’s note: A text-only version of the graphic is below.

In contrast, many jobs in health care and financial activities require more training and experience, suggesting it may be more difficult to find qualified workers. In these industries, job openings are greater than hires—employers are always looking for qualified workers. These industries also exhibit low churn, stemming from low numbers of hires and separations as a share of industry employment. This suggests workers remain with their employers for longer periods of time.

The professional and business services industry presents an unusual case, perhaps because of the diverse set of occupations within the industry. Included in this industry are many professional service workers, such as those in computer service and engineering firms. But the industry also includes temporary help supply firms and building services, such as janitorial and landscaping firms. Until recently, the industry as a whole had traditionally had more hires than job openings, suggesting an ease in attracting labor. This may be due in part to the number of lower-skilled jobs in this industry. But several times over the past year, job openings have exceeded hires, suggesting that employers need qualified workers. Perhaps this reflects the higher-skilled jobs in this industry. This recent trend bears watching.

A chart showing hires rates and job separations rates in financial activities, health care, and professional and business services from 2007 to 2017.

Editor’s note: A text-only version of the graphic is below.

Jobs in government and education exhibit both low hiring and low job openings rates. These lower rates indicate that few workers are needed in these industries—workers may tend to stay in these jobs for long periods of time.

For more info on JOLTS, see www.bls.gov/jlt. For more in-depth information on the interaction between job openings and hires, see Charlotte Oslund’s article, “Which industries need workers? Exploring differences in labor market activity.”

 

Number of hires and separations, February 2007 to February 2017, seasonally adjusted
Month Hires Separations
Feb 2007 5,202,000 5,094,000
Mar 2007 5,380,000 5,123,000
Apr 2007 5,158,000 5,138,000
May 2007 5,268,000 5,080,000
Jun 2007 5,187,000 5,065,000
Jul 2007 5,075,000 5,118,000
Aug 2007 5,106,000 5,105,000
Sep 2007 5,145,000 5,031,000
Oct 2007 5,227,000 5,129,000
Nov 2007 5,162,000 5,031,000
Dec 2007 4,968,000 4,926,000
Jan 2008 4,868,000 5,005,000
Feb 2008 4,943,000 5,010,000
Mar 2008 4,766,000 4,762,000
Apr 2008 4,875,000 5,121,000
May 2008 4,602,000 4,728,000
Jun 2008 4,751,000 4,900,000
Jul 2008 4,471,000 4,713,000
Aug 2008 4,522,000 4,815,000
Sep 2008 4,316,000 4,751,000
Oct 2008 4,454,000 4,895,000
Nov 2008 3,954,000 4,605,000
Dec 2008 4,218,000 4,814,000
Jan 2009 4,158,000 4,974,000
Feb 2009 4,011,000 4,674,000
Mar 2009 3,730,000 4,536,000
Apr 2009 3,853,000 4,655,000
May 2009 3,793,000 4,146,000
Jun 2009 3,675,000 4,192,000
Jul 2009 3,854,000 4,297,000
Aug 2009 3,744,000 4,060,000
Sep 2009 3,859,000 4,084,000
Oct 2009 3,767,000 3,951,000
Nov 2009 3,992,000 3,873,000
Dec 2009 3,806,000 3,989,000
Jan 2010 3,880,000 3,894,000
Feb 2010 3,781,000 3,830,000
Mar 2010 4,182,000 3,949,000
Apr 2010 4,082,000 3,892,000
May 2010 4,376,000 3,831,000
Jun 2010 4,064,000 4,223,000
Jul 2010 4,116,000 4,278,000
Aug 2010 3,910,000 4,009,000
Sep 2010 3,978,000 4,026,000
Oct 2010 4,061,000 3,784,000
Nov 2010 4,101,000 3,843,000
Dec 2010 4,155,000 4,026,000
Jan 2011 3,910,000 3,908,000
Feb 2011 4,061,000 3,838,000
Mar 2011 4,291,000 3,980,000
Apr 2011 4,218,000 3,924,000
May 2011 4,116,000 4,035,000
Jun 2011 4,297,000 4,094,000
Jul 2011 4,139,000 4,082,000
Aug 2011 4,168,000 4,120,000
Sep 2011 4,320,000 4,115,000
Oct 2011 4,239,000 4,011,000
Nov 2011 4,244,000 4,001,000
Dec 2011 4,234,000 3,994,000
Jan 2012 4,292,000 4,010,000
Feb 2012 4,419,000 4,175,000
Mar 2012 4,465,000 4,134,000
Apr 2012 4,299,000 4,260,000
May 2012 4,445,000 4,336,000
Jun 2012 4,432,000 4,367,000
Jul 2012 4,269,000 4,138,000
Aug 2012 4,447,000 4,360,000
Sep 2012 4,238,000 4,059,000
Oct 2012 4,299,000 4,194,000
Nov 2012 4,393,000 4,171,000
Dec 2012 4,360,000 4,038,000
Jan 2013 4,422,000 4,297,000
Feb 2013 4,509,000 4,156,000
Mar 2013 4,293,000 4,113,000
Apr 2013 4,533,000 4,376,000
May 2013 4,572,000 4,363,000
Jun 2013 4,409,000 4,267,000
Jul 2013 4,529,000 4,384,000
Aug 2013 4,732,000 4,517,000
Sep 2013 4,681,000 4,537,000
Oct 2013 4,444,000 4,288,000
Nov 2013 4,588,000 4,268,000
Dec 2013 4,500,000 4,335,000
Jan 2014 4,615,000 4,443,000
Feb 2014 4,627,000 4,436,000
Mar 2014 4,758,000 4,452,000
Apr 2014 4,812,000 4,518,000
May 2014 4,796,000 4,565,000
Jun 2014 4,817,000 4,552,000
Jul 2014 5,001,000 4,784,000
Aug 2014 4,839,000 4,627,000
Sep 2014 5,078,000 4,882,000
Oct 2014 5,118,000 4,927,000
Nov 2014 5,027,000 4,633,000
Dec 2014 5,165,000 4,789,000
Jan 2015 5,027,000 4,843,000
Feb 2015 4,991,000 4,705,000
Mar 2015 5,090,000 4,986,000
Apr 2015 5,095,000 4,906,000
May 2015 5,143,000 4,812,000
Jun 2015 5,162,000 5,011,000
Jul 2015 5,136,000 4,849,000
Aug 2015 5,129,000 4,958,000
Sep 2015 5,150,000 5,067,000
Oct 2015 5,304,000 4,983,000
Nov 2015 5,323,000 5,003,000
Dec 2015 5,504,000 5,223,000
Jan 2016 5,117,000 5,033,000
Feb 2016 5,447,000 5,183,000
Mar 2016 5,297,000 5,040,000
Apr 2016 5,038,000 4,962,000
May 2016 5,153,000 5,101,000
Jun 2016 5,176,000 4,940,000
Jul 2016 5,328,000 5,001,000
Aug 2016 5,288,000 5,059,000
Sep 2016 5,179,000 4,942,000
Oct 2016 5,200,000 5,041,000
Nov 2016 5,263,000 5,075,000
Dec 2016 5,303,000 5,084,000
Jan 2017 5,424,000 5,247,000
Feb 2017 5,314,000 5,071,000

Hires rates and job openings rates in selected industries, February 2007 to February 2017, seasonally adjusted
Month Construction hires rate Construction job openings rate Retail trade hires rate Retail trade job openings rate Accommodation and food services hires rate Accommodation and food services job openings rate
Feb 2007 4.2 3.5 5.1 2.8 7.2 4.1
Mar 2007 6.1 2.6 5.0 2.7 6.9 4.4
Apr 2007 5.0 2.8 4.7 2.6 7.3 4.0
May 2007 5.3 2.7 4.9 2.3 6.9 4.4
Jun 2007 5.6 2.2 4.6 2.8 7.0 4.4
Jul 2007 5.2 2.6 4.6 2.8 6.9 4.5
Aug 2007 5.3 2.1 4.7 2.5 6.8 4.8
Sep 2007 5.1 1.6 4.9 2.6 6.7 4.7
Oct 2007 5.3 1.6 5.0 2.3 6.9 4.6
Nov 2007 5.0 1.1 5.2 2.7 6.6 4.4
Dec 2007 5.0 1.3 4.8 2.5 6.7 4.5
Jan 2008 5.0 1.7 4.5 2.4 6.3 4.3
Feb 2008 5.1 1.5 4.6 2.3 7.0 4.0
Mar 2008 5.4 1.3 4.4 2.4 6.2 4.0
Apr 2008 5.2 1.6 4.4 2.5 6.3 4.0
May 2008 4.8 2.3 3.9 2.4 6.4 3.9
Jun 2008 5.3 1.6 4.5 1.9 6.1 3.7
Jul 2008 4.9 1.7 4.4 2.4 6.0 3.4
Aug 2008 5.6 1.2 4.4 2.3 5.9 2.8
Sep 2008 4.7 1.7 4.1 1.7 5.9 3.1
Oct 2008 5.4 1.0 4.2 2.4 5.8 2.9
Nov 2008 4.9 0.7 3.8 2.3 5.3 2.5
Dec 2008 5.1 0.7 4.2 1.9 5.2 2.4
Jan 2009 5.4 0.6 3.7 2.2 5.2 1.8
Feb 2009 5.1 1.0 3.6 2.0 5.4 2.5
Mar 2009 4.9 0.7 3.6 1.7 5.0 2.2
Apr 2009 5.3 0.4 3.9 1.4 4.9 2.2
May 2009 5.4 0.7 3.8 2.1 5.3 2.1
Jun 2009 4.3 0.9 3.4 1.8 4.9 2.1
Jul 2009 5.5 1.0 3.4 1.1 4.7 1.8
Aug 2009 4.3 1.0 3.7 1.6 4.8 1.6
Sep 2009 5.5 1.1 3.8 1.9 4.6 2.3
Oct 2009 5.4 1.0 3.4 1.3 4.5 2.0
Nov 2009 5.5 0.8 3.6 1.6 5.0 2.1
Dec 2009 6.0 1.0 3.7 1.7 4.8 2.1
Jan 2010 5.6 0.9 3.8 1.6 4.9 2.2
Feb 2010 5.0 1.1 3.8 1.9 4.7 2.0
Mar 2010 7.4 1.4 4.5 2.3 5.0 1.7
Apr 2010 6.6 1.8 3.7 1.8 4.9 2.1
May 2010 5.5 1.5 3.7 1.8 4.8 2.1
Jun 2010 5.0 1.5 3.9 1.8 4.7 2.0
Jul 2010 6.2 2.1 4.0 1.7 4.9 2.3
Aug 2010 5.9 0.9 3.7 1.6 4.8 2.7
Sep 2010 5.8 1.3 3.9 1.5 5.0 2.1
Oct 2010 6.4 1.2 3.9 1.7 4.9 2.4
Nov 2010 6.2 1.2 3.9 1.8 4.8 2.3
Dec 2010 6.8 0.6 3.4 2.0 4.7 2.3
Jan 2011 5.1 1.1 3.9 1.9 4.7 2.5
Feb 2011 6.3 0.8 3.9 1.8 4.8 3.0
Mar 2011 6.9 1.2 4.0 1.8 5.5 2.8
Apr 2011 6.7 2.2 4.0 2.2 5.1 2.4
May 2011 6.8 2.1 3.9 2.1 4.7 2.5
Jun 2011 6.8 1.2 4.0 2.3 5.3 2.6
Jul 2011 6.2 1.6 4.0 2.3 5.3 2.1
Aug 2011 5.9 1.7 3.6 2.2 5.2 2.8
Sep 2011 6.7 1.5 3.9 2.2 5.3 3.0
Oct 2011 5.9 1.3 3.8 2.3 5.2 3.0
Nov 2011 5.6 1.1 3.8 2.1 5.4 3.0
Dec 2011 5.6 0.8 3.4 2.2 5.3 3.2
Jan 2012 5.8 1.4 3.9 2.4 5.4 3.2
Feb 2012 6.0 1.0 3.8 2.3 5.1 2.9
Mar 2012 5.4 1.6 3.9 2.5 5.8 3.1
Apr 2012 5.2 2.1 3.9 2.2 5.2 3.2
May 2012 5.8 1.5 3.9 2.3 5.3 3.2
Jun 2012 6.3 1.7 3.9 2.2 5.2 3.4
Jul 2012 6.4 1.4 3.8 2.1 5.3 3.3
Aug 2012 6.0 2.0 4.1 2.4 5.5 3.0
Sep 2012 6.2 1.4 4.0 2.4 5.3 2.7
Oct 2012 5.6 1.8 4.0 2.5 5.4 3.2
Nov 2012 6.9 1.2 3.9 3.0 5.2 3.5
Dec 2012 5.4 1.1 3.9 2.6 5.4 3.5
Jan 2013 5.8 2.0 4.0 2.7 5.6 3.4
Feb 2013 6.5 1.9 4.2 2.6 5.5 3.5
Mar 2013 6.1 1.8 3.7 2.7 5.5 3.5
Apr 2013 5.1 2.3 4.1 2.9 6.1 3.3
May 2013 5.7 2.1 4.2 3.1 5.4 3.3
Jun 2013 5.6 2.3 4.1 3.8 5.4 3.5
Jul 2013 5.3 2.0 4.1 3.0 5.4 3.7
Aug 2013 5.1 2.1 4.6 2.9 5.3 3.6
Sep 2013 5.4 1.9 4.4 3.1 5.5 3.8
Oct 2013 5.5 2.1 4.5 2.8 5.5 3.5
Nov 2013 5.1 1.7 4.7 2.8 5.3 3.7
Dec 2013 4.7 1.4 4.8 2.7 5.3 4.0
Jan 2014 4.8 2.1 4.1 2.7 5.6 3.9
Feb 2014 4.4 1.7 4.7 2.9 5.8 4.0
Mar 2014 4.4 2.0 4.6 3.2 5.6 4.2
Apr 2014 5.0 2.1 4.9 3.4 5.6 4.4
May 2014 5.3 2.4 5.0 2.8 5.8 4.9
Jun 2014 4.5 2.7 4.9 3.0 5.9 4.8
Jul 2014 6.4 2.5 5.0 2.8 5.7 4.0
Aug 2014 5.3 2.3 4.6 3.3 5.5 4.7
Sep 2014 4.8 1.7 4.6 3.0 5.9 4.6
Oct 2014 5.1 2.3 5.0 3.1 6.0 4.9
Nov 2014 5.1 1.7 5.0 3.2 6.1 4.3
Dec 2014 6.3 1.5 5.0 3.4 6.3 4.6
Jan 2015 5.7 2.2 4.9 3.2 5.8 5.2
Feb 2015 5.1 2.4 4.5 3.3 5.8 4.9
Mar 2015 4.9 2.6 4.9 3.2 6.0 4.7
Apr 2015 5.3 2.6 4.7 3.4 6.2 5.0
May 2015 4.9 2.6 5.0 3.5 6.1 4.8
Jun 2015 5.2 2.3 4.9 3.4 6.2 4.4
Jul 2015 4.7 2.3 4.9 3.8 6.3 5.2
Aug 2015 5.0 2.4 4.7 3.7 6.5 4.8
Sep 2015 5.3 1.6 4.6 4.0 6.5 4.7
Oct 2015 5.0 2.0 4.7 3.5 6.5 5.0
Nov 2015 5.2 1.3 4.9 3.2 6.6 4.8
Dec 2015 4.7 1.9 4.9 3.2 6.9 4.8
Jan 2016 4.4 2.3 4.8 3.9 5.9 4.8
Feb 2016 5.2 2.8 5.3 3.7 6.8 5.1
Mar 2016 5.3 3.0 4.7 3.7 6.4 5.1
Apr 2016 5.0 2.7 4.3 3.6 6.1 4.9
May 2016 4.7 2.7 4.4 3.6 6.3 4.8
Jun 2016 4.2 2.5 4.5 3.7 6.2 4.6
Jul 2016 5.0 3.4 4.5 3.8 6.3 4.6
Aug 2016 5.1 2.7 4.6 3.7 6.3 4.8
Sep 2016 4.7 3.4 4.8 3.8 6.0 4.6
Oct 2016 5.1 2.8 4.7 3.9 6.1 4.5
Nov 2016 5.0 2.6 4.2 3.9 6.7 4.7
Dec 2016 5.9 2.0 4.2 3.9 6.4 4.5
Jan 2017 5.7 2.0 4.3 3.5 6.4 4.6
Feb 2017 5.4 2.4 4.8 3.3 6.2 5.0

Hires rates and job openings rates in selected industries, February 2007 to February 2017, seasonally adjusted
Month Financial activities hires rate Financial activities job openings rate Professional and business services hires rate Professional and business services job openings rate Health care and social assistance hires rate Health care and social assistance job openings rate
Feb 2007 3.0 3.0 5.5 3.9 2.9 4.0
Mar 2007 3.4 3.9 5.5 4.3 3.0 4.2
Apr 2007 2.7 2.8 5.0 4.6 2.9 4.3
May 2007 3.4 3.3 5.4 4.1 3.1 4.4
Jun 2007 3.0 3.2 4.9 4.1 3.0 4.5
Jul 2007 2.9 3.4 5.1 3.7 2.8 3.9
Aug 2007 3.1 3.6 5.1 4.0 3.0 4.3
Sep 2007 3.0 3.3 5.1 4.0 2.9 4.8
Oct 2007 3.0 3.3 5.4 4.1 3.0 4.1
Nov 2007 2.8 2.8 5.4 4.0 3.0 4.2
Dec 2007 2.9 3.2 5.1 4.1 2.7 4.2
Jan 2008 2.9 3.8 4.8 4.0 3.0 4.0
Feb 2008 2.9 2.7 4.7 4.0 3.2 4.5
Mar 2008 2.6 3.0 4.5 4.1 3.1 4.3
Apr 2008 2.8 2.7 5.1 4.1 3.1 4.1
May 2008 2.4 2.4 4.5 3.4 2.9 4.1
Jun 2008 2.7 2.3 5.3 4.0 2.7 4.0
Jul 2008 2.5 2.6 4.4 3.6 2.8 3.9
Aug 2008 2.6 2.6 4.5 3.5 2.8 3.7
Sep 2008 2.6 2.3 4.3 3.4 2.7 3.4
Oct 2008 2.2 2.0 4.5 3.2 2.9 3.4
Nov 2008 2.5 2.4 4.2 3.0 2.6 3.3
Dec 2008 2.0 2.4 4.8 3.2 2.7 3.3
Jan 2009 2.4 2.3 4.4 3.1 2.8 3.1
Feb 2009 2.2 2.5 4.3 3.1 2.8 3.0
Mar 2009 2.3 2.3 3.6 2.5 2.6 2.8
Apr 2009 1.7 1.6 4.0 2.4 2.5 2.8
May 2009 2.0 2.2 4.0 2.4 2.4 2.9
Jun 2009 2.0 1.9 3.9 2.4 2.6 2.8
Jul 2009 2.4 1.7 4.2 2.6 2.6 2.9
Aug 2009 2.2 1.6 3.8 2.1 2.8 2.8
Sep 2009 1.9 2.2 4.2 2.6 2.8 3.1
Oct 2009 2.3 2.0 4.2 2.2 2.5 2.9
Nov 2009 1.8 2.1 5.1 2.5 2.6 2.8
Dec 2009 2.3 1.7 4.1 2.6 2.5 2.9
Jan 2010 2.2 2.1 4.5 2.4 2.3 3.2
Feb 2010 2.1 1.9 4.4 2.3 2.4 2.8
Mar 2010 1.9 2.0 4.4 2.5 2.5 2.6
Apr 2010 2.3 2.8 4.7 3.0 2.5 2.7
May 2010 2.3 2.7 4.7 3.4 2.4 2.6
Jun 2010 2.4 2.6 5.0 2.8 2.6 2.5
Jul 2010 2.1 2.8 4.8 3.2 2.7 2.7
Aug 2010 2.0 3.1 4.7 3.5 2.4 2.4
Sep 2010 2.2 2.9 4.5 3.3 2.6 2.7
Oct 2010 2.2 3.1 4.5 3.5 2.4 3.1
Nov 2010 2.0 3.2 4.7 3.7 2.5 2.8
Dec 2010 2.4 2.5 5.4 3.4 2.5 2.8
Jan 2011 2.0 2.7 4.8 2.7 2.1 2.6
Feb 2011 1.9 2.7 5.0 3.4 2.3 2.8
Mar 2011 2.1 2.5 5.3 3.4 2.3 3.0
Apr 2011 1.7 3.1 5.1 3.2 2.4 3.0
May 2011 2.0 2.5 5.1 3.3 2.4 3.0
Jun 2011 2.1 2.7 4.8 3.5 2.6 3.1
Jul 2011 2.1 2.9 4.8 4.3 2.4 3.1
Aug 2011 2.0 2.3 5.1 3.3 2.5 3.1
Sep 2011 2.0 2.2 5.2 4.1 2.3 3.0
Oct 2011 2.2 2.9 5.0 3.4 2.4 3.2
Nov 2011 2.2 2.0 4.9 3.0 2.5 3.3
Dec 2011 2.2 2.4 4.9 4.2 2.4 3.2
Jan 2012 2.1 3.0 4.6 4.4 2.6 3.4
Feb 2012 2.2 2.5 5.4 3.5 2.8 3.5
Mar 2012 2.3 2.9 5.2 4.4 2.6 3.5
Apr 2012 2.4 2.7 4.8 3.3 2.4 3.5
May 2012 2.3 3.0 5.2 3.7 2.7 3.5
Jun 2012 2.3 2.8 5.4 3.9 2.6 3.9
Jul 2012 2.2 3.1 4.8 3.7 2.5 3.3
Aug 2012 2.5 3.2 4.8 4.0 2.5 3.3
Sep 2012 2.6 3.5 4.7 3.3 2.4 3.6
Oct 2012 2.4 3.3 4.7 3.5 2.5 3.5
Nov 2012 2.8 2.9 4.9 3.2 2.5 3.5
Dec 2012 2.2 3.2 4.7 3.3 2.6 3.5
Jan 2013 2.7 2.9 4.9 3.7 2.6 3.0
Feb 2013 2.9 4.4 4.6 4.0 2.6 3.5
Mar 2013 2.3 3.4 4.6 3.7 2.6 3.5
Apr 2013 2.4 3.5 4.9 3.6 2.8 3.6
May 2013 2.7 3.8 4.9 3.3 2.7 3.4
Jun 2013 2.4 3.8 5.2 3.3 2.4 3.4
Jul 2013 2.7 3.9 5.3 3.1 2.6 3.3
Aug 2013 2.7 3.3 5.5 3.6 2.7 3.6
Sep 2013 2.8 3.0 5.2 3.6 2.7 3.2
Oct 2013 2.4 3.0 4.6 4.1 2.5 3.2
Nov 2013 2.3 2.7 5.2 3.6 2.5 3.2
Dec 2013 2.2 2.9 4.9 3.7 2.5 2.9
Jan 2014 2.0 2.8 5.2 3.4 2.7 3.4
Feb 2014 2.2 2.9 5.2 4.1 2.5 3.5
Mar 2014 2.5 3.0 5.3 3.6 2.7 3.6
Apr 2014 2.3 3.2 5.1 4.2 2.8 3.5
May 2014 2.4 3.5 4.9 4.1 2.6 3.9
Jun 2014 2.3 3.8 5.1 4.2 2.6 3.8
Jul 2014 2.4 3.6 5.3 4.3 2.8 4.1
Aug 2014 2.7 3.9 5.5 4.7 2.5 4.5
Sep 2014 2.6 3.1 5.8 4.3 2.9 4.1
Oct 2014 2.2 3.9 5.6 4.7 2.9 4.4
Nov 2014 2.8 3.3 5.1 5.1 2.8 3.8
Dec 2014 2.8 3.2 5.1 5.0 2.9 4.4
Jan 2015 2.5 3.6 5.2 4.6 2.8 4.3
Feb 2015 2.0 4.1 5.3 4.6 2.9 4.4
Mar 2015 2.4 3.2 5.4 5.0 2.8 4.1
Apr 2015 2.6 4.5 5.3 5.5 2.9 4.9
May 2015 2.4 3.7 5.4 5.4 2.8 4.5
Jun 2015 2.5 3.3 5.3 5.6 2.7 4.6
Jul 2015 2.3 4.5 5.1 5.5 2.9 5.2
Aug 2015 2.2 4.0 5.1 5.2 2.8 4.9
Sep 2015 2.4 3.6 5.2 5.5 2.9 5.0
Oct 2015 2.5 3.8 5.5 5.4 3.0 4.8
Nov 2015 2.6 4.1 5.4 5.6 3.0 5.0
Dec 2015 2.6 4.5 5.9 5.3 3.0 4.9
Jan 2016 2.6 4.0 5.6 5.4 2.7 5.3
Feb 2016 2.9 4.0 5.4 5.3 2.9 4.7
Mar 2016 2.7 3.7 5.4 6.1 2.9 4.8
Apr 2016 2.3 3.9 5.5 4.7 2.6 4.8
May 2016 2.2 3.4 5.5 5.7 2.8 4.8
Jun 2016 2.4 3.5 5.0 4.9 2.9 5.0
Jul 2016 2.2 3.7 6.0 5.9 2.9 4.9
Aug 2016 2.3 3.8 5.5 4.9 2.9 4.8
Sep 2016 2.1 3.9 5.5 5.3 2.7 4.9
Oct 2016 2.0 3.7 5.4 5.1 2.9 5.2
Nov 2016 2.1 3.7 5.3 4.9 3.0 5.2
Dec 2016 2.3 4.1 5.6 4.6 2.9 5.2
Jan 2017 2.6 4.4 5.5 4.9 2.9 5.2
Feb 2017 2.2 4.2 5.2 4.7 2.8 5.6